I’d start with ISO 22000 itself. In 2003, I saw the development of this standard as an opportunity to apply the approach we took in Canada, which was to create a framework that served the needs of both large companies and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Our approach was based on HACCP (Hazard Analysis of Critical Control Points). The point was to enable an industry association, or other competent body, to develop a generic HACCP model and build a food safety framework for enterprises. This gave SMEs with minimal resources an alternative to conducting their own hazard analysis, which is an expensive, time-consuming and challenging task.
Our success in integrating the HACCP-based approach in the first edition of ISO 22000, which was published in 2005, gave credence to its value. While there was a lot of acceptance, some experts had reservations. The most recent version of ISO 22000, which was published in June 2018, firmly establishes the HACCP-based approach and the use of a generic model as a way for SMEs to organize their food safety management systems. This is a key contribution that Canada has made to developing the standard. It also builds on our work in the late ’90s and early 2000’s.
Another other important contribution concerns ISO 22005 Traceability in the feed and food chain. In the early 2000s, Canada was involved in a major nation-wide industry and government exercise that explored what a traceability standard would look like. During the ISO discussions, Canada championed and successfully incorporated a data standard approach as one of the core foundations of the ISO 22005.
Canada also worked hard to establish a new subcommittee to host the new family of ISO 22000 standards – ISO/TC 34/SC 17 Management systems for food safety. Since its creation in 2009, Canada has played an on-going leadership role in SC17’s work.
As a final point, I would say that Canada was instrumental in persuading the members of SC17 to initiate another standard in the ISO 22000 family. Work is currently underway to create ISO 22003 Part 2. This standard will add requirements regarding food safety schemes to the predominant standard for accrediting certification bodies that do food safety product certification – ISO/IEC 17065 – and parallel the revisions to ISO 22003 Part 1, which covers certification bodies that do food safety management system certification.